SCHEME OF WORK
THEME: PROCESSES OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
TOPIC – REVISION OF SECOND TERM’S WORK
TOPIC – SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
- Meaning of farm tools
- Crop farm tools (examples):
- Pick axe
- Hand towel
- Garden fork
TOPIC – ANIMAL FARM TOOLS
- Animal farm tools (examples)
- Fishing net
- Hook and line
- Watering troughs
- Feeding troughs
TOPIC – DESCRIPTION OF FARM TOOLS
- Description of farm tools:
- Cutlass – It is a short wooden handle and flat blade.
- Axe – It has short heavy metal head with a sharp edge and a long wooden or metal handle.
- Garden fork – It has a four – pronged metal forks with a short wooden handle.
- Seed trays – It has a shallow rectangular containers made of wood or metal.
TOPIC – MAJOR USES OF FARM TOOLS
- Cutlass – Clearing weeds, cutting unwanted branches, planting grains and tubers.
- Sickle – Harvesting grains like rice and sorghums.
- Hoe – Weeding and making heaps, ridges, harvesting tubers.
- Axe – Felling of trees, cutting logs, uprooting slumps and splitting firewood.
TOPIC – DESCRIPTION OF ANIMAL FARM TOOLS
- Drinking trough – It is a container made of plastic or metal.
- Feeding trough – It is also container made of plastic or metal.
- Fishing net – This is made of wooden ropes. There are scoop net, gills net and cast net.
- Battery cage – It is made of metal with several partitions with feeding and drinking troughs attached to it.
TOPIC – MAJOR USES OF ANIMALS FARM TOOLS
- Drinking trough – Holds water and drugs for animals.
- Feeding trough – Holds feeds (food) or drugs for animals.
- Fishing net – It is used for catching and collecting fish from the river.
- Battery cage – For keeping poultry (bird).
TOPIC – CARE AND MAINTENANCE OF CROPS AND ANIMALS FARM TOOLS
- Clean the tools after use by washing and drying them under the sun or in a cool place.
- Use the tools for the purpose for which they are made.
- Store tools cleaned, in a safe and try place after use.
- Sharpen the tools in a termite free area.
- Repair all broken or damaged parts.
- Oil and grease the tools.
- Keep records of the movement of farm tools.
- Do not store in head pains and watering cans. Place them upside down after use to ensure proper drying.
TOPIC – WEEDS
- 1. Definition of weeds (with examples)
- 2. Importance of weeds to farmers and the environment:
- Compete for space, water and light the planted crops on the farm,
- Compete with planted crops for plant foods (nutrients),
- Reduce the yield of harvested crops,
- Reduce the quality of harvested crops,
- Invites diseases and pests to the planted crops,
- Control of weeds increases the cost of producing farm produce,
- Overgrown weeds make our environment bushy and dirty,
- Bushy environment keeps snakes, scorpions and other dangerous animals away.
TOPIC – METHODS OF WEED CONTROL
- Cultural method
- Biological method
- Chemical method
- Mechanical method
WEEK 11 – REVISION
WEEK 12 – REVISION
WEEK 13 – EXAMINATION