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Scheme of Work – Agriculture – Basic 4 – Third Term

BASIC 4
SCHEME OF WORK
AGRICULTURE
FIRST TERM

THEME: PROCESSES OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION

WEEK 1

TOPIC – REVISION OF SECOND TERM’S WORK

WEEK 2

TOPIC – SIMPLE FARM TOOLS
Content
  • Meaning of farm tools
  • Crop farm tools (examples):
  1. Spade
  2. Hoe
  3. Shovel
  4. Matchet 
  5. Pick axe
  6. Rake
  7. Wheel-barrow
  8. Hand towel
  9. Garden fork
  10. etc.
WEEK 3

TOPIC – ANIMAL FARM TOOLS
Content
  • Animal farm tools (examples)
  1. Fishing net
  2. Traps
  3. Hook and line
  4. Basket
  5. Watering troughs
  6. Feeding troughs
  7. etc.

WEEK 4

TOPIC – DESCRIPTION OF FARM TOOLS
Content
  • Description of farm tools:
  1. Cutlass – It is a short wooden handle and flat blade.
  2. Axe – It has short heavy metal head with a sharp edge and a long wooden or metal handle.
  3. Garden fork – It has a four – pronged metal forks with a short wooden handle.
  4. Seed trays – It has a shallow rectangular containers made of wood or metal.
  5. Etc.
WEEK 5

TOPIC – MAJOR USES OF FARM TOOLS
Content
  • Major uses of farm tools 
  1. Cutlass – Clearing weeds, cutting unwanted branches, planting grains and tubers.
  2. Sickle – Harvesting grains like rice and sorghums.
  3. Hoe – Weeding and making heaps, ridges, harvesting tubers.
  4. Axe – Felling of trees, cutting logs, uprooting slumps and splitting firewood.
  5. etc.
WEEK 6

TOPIC – DESCRIPTION OF ANIMAL FARM TOOLS
Content 
  1. Drinking trough – It is a container made of plastic or metal.
  2. Feeding trough – It is also container made of plastic or metal.
  3. Fishing net – This is made of wooden ropes. There are scoop net, gills net and cast net.
  4. Battery cage – It is made of metal with several partitions with feeding and drinking troughs attached to it.
  5. Etc. 
WEEK 7

TOPIC – MAJOR USES OF ANIMALS FARM TOOLS 
Content
  1. Drinking trough – Holds water and drugs for animals.
  2. Feeding trough – Holds feeds (food) or drugs for animals.
  3. Fishing net – It is used for catching and collecting fish from the river.
  4. Battery cage – For keeping poultry (bird).
WEEK 8

TOPIC – CARE AND MAINTENANCE OF CROPS AND ANIMALS FARM TOOLS
Content
  1. Clean the tools after use by washing and drying them under the sun or in a cool place.
  2. Use the tools for the purpose for which they are made.
  3. Store tools cleaned, in a safe and try place after use.
  4. Sharpen the tools in a termite free area.
  5. Repair all broken or damaged parts.
  6. Oil and grease the tools.
  7. Keep records of the movement of farm tools.
  8. Do not store in head pains and watering cans. Place them upside down after use to ensure proper drying.
WEEK 9

TOPIC – WEEDS
Content
  • 1. Definition of weeds (with examples)
  • 2. Importance of weeds to farmers and the environment:
  1. Compete for space, water and light the planted crops on the farm, 
  2. Compete with planted crops for plant foods (nutrients),
  3. Reduce the yield of harvested crops, 
  4. Reduce the quality of harvested crops, 
  5. Invites diseases and pests to the planted crops, 
  6. Control of weeds increases the cost of producing farm produce, 
  7. Overgrown weeds make our environment bushy and dirty,
  8. Bushy environment keeps snakes, scorpions and other dangerous animals away.
WEEK 10

TOPIC – METHODS OF WEED CONTROL
Content
  • Cultural method
  • Biological method
  • Chemical method
  • Mechanical method
WEEK 11 – REVISION

WEEK 12 – REVISION

WEEK 13 – EXAMINATION

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