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Our Solar System

BASIC SCIENCE

FIRST TERM 

FIFTH WEEK 

BASIC 6

TOPIC: The Solar System

The solar system comprises of the sun and the nine (9) planets that move around it. The earth is the third planet and the only that living things are found. 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES
  • By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and be able to:
  1. identify and name some planets in our Solar System;
  2. identify the components of the solar system their location and importance;
  3. state the relationships among the earth, sun, moon other planets and the stars;
  4. demonstrate that the earth exerts a pull on objects and bodies.
ENTRY BEHAVIOR
  • The pupils are required to already have learned weather.
INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS
  • The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of picture  of :
  1. people in space,
  2. chart showing the solar system, 
  3. paper, glue/gum, scissors, clay, cardboard, stone, duster, ruler, strings, balls of different sizes.

METHOD OF TEACHING:

  1. Explanation
  2. Discussion
  3. Questions and answers
REFERENCE MATERIALS
  1. Scheme of Work
  2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  3. MacMillan Basic Science and Technology for Basic 6
  4. Foundation of Basic Science and Technology Book 6
  5. Online Materials
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
NATURAL BODIES IN THE SKY
  • The sky is the space above the earth, the components of the sky are:
  1. The cloud
  2. The sun 
  3. The moon
  4. The star 

     The Sun                   The Moon 

The Stars                  The Cloud
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE EARTH AND THE PLANETARY BODIES 
  • The earth
the world we live in is called the earth. Scientist discovered that it is spherical like an orange. The earth is divided into three parts:
  1. The atmosphere – It made up of gasses that envelope or surround the the planet earth. The cloud, the stars, the moon and the sun are found in the atmosphere. The rainfall, thunder and lightening occur there. The air we breath in and out is part of the atmosphere.
  2. The hydrosphere – It is the part of the earth covered by water. Hydrosphere includes streams, rivers, lakes, lagoons, seas and oceans. Hydrosphere covers 70% of the total earth’s surface.
  3. The lithosphere – It is the solid part of the earth where soil, rocks, plants and animals are found. 
  4. The sun – The Sun is at the center of the solar system. It is a larger star and the main source of energy on the earth.
  5. The moon – the moon is the earth only natural satellite. Just like the sun, it is round and gives light to the earth at night through the reflection of the sun.
  6. The stars – Just like the sun, the stars produced light by themselves like the sun and also give light to the earth at night.
  7. The cloud – It is a great mass of matter which contain tiny drops of water. It is usually while or grey in colour.
THE PLANETS
Earth, our home, is the third planet from the sun. It is the only planet known to have an atmosphere containing free oxygen, oceans of liquid water on its surface, and, of course, life.
  • The nine (9) planets:
  1. Mercury
  2. Venus
  3. Earth
  4. Mars
  5. Jupiter 
  6. Saturn
  7. Uranus
  8. Neptune
  9. Pluto
GRAVITY AND WEIGHTLESSNESS IN SPACE

Have you discovered that whatever you throw up comes back to the ground? What responsible for this?

  • The force of gravity
There is a force in the centre of the earth that attracts things to the surface of the earth in the same way that magnets attract some metals.
Without the force of gravity, we will not be able to walk upright. If we jump up we will not be able to come back to the earth. We will just float about like a very light paper.
PRESENTATION
  • To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
  1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
  2. Uses charts to guide pupils to: Name natural bodies in our solar system such as stars, moon, sun and planets. Describe the characteristic features of planets and also mention the new status of Pluto. State the relationships among stars, planets, sun, moon, etc.;
  3. Pupil’s Activities – Name natural bodies that can be found in our Solar System; Model the solar system and name the planets. 
  4. Uses pictures of people in space and on Earth and other simple activities to illustrate the existence and effect of gravity on objects;
  5. Pupil’s Activities – Observe photographs of people walking in space and on land, compare them.
  6. Use Charts (or balls of various sizes placed on concentric circles) to show the location of planet Earth and other planets within our Solar System;
  7. Pupil’s Activities – Throw stones, dusters, etc. vertically and describe what happens.
CONCLUSION
  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
LESSON EVALUATION
Pupils to:
    1. Identify natural bodies that can be found in our Solar System, their location and importance;
    2. Name the planets;
    3. State some relationships among the earth, planets, stars, sun, and moon;
    4. Demonstrate the earth’s pull on objects.

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