THEME: ISLAMIC RELIGIOUS STUDIES
TOPIC: History of the Prophet Muhammed (SAW) from Establishment of the Ummah to his death
- By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and be able to:
- mention any three steps taken by the prophet (SAW) to establish Muslim community in Madinah;
- itemize the major battles fought by the Prophet (SAW) in Madinah;
- state any four roles played by the Prophet after his migration to Madinah.
The pupils are required to already have learned Commanding of Goods and Refraining Evils.
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of Flash cards with important names of the battles fought by the Prophet (SAW).
METHOD OF TEACHING
- Questions and answers
- Scheme of Work
- 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
- Course Book
- All Relevant Materials
- Online Materials
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD (SAW) ESTABLISHED AN UMMAH MUSLIM COMMUNITY IN MADINAH THROUGH:
- building a mosque,
- establishing the brotherhood between the Muhajiriun (Immigrants) and Ansar (the helpers),
- agreement with Non – Muslims,
- maintain peace in Madinah.
THE BATTLE OF BADR, UHUD AND KHANDAQ FOUGHT BY THE PROPHET (SAW)
Battle of Badr
The first of these battles was Badr. Medina was being invaded and the Prophet was forced to defend their faith and city. When the people of Mecca come out fight the Prophet and his follow Muslims, he decided to leave Medina and fight out the battle in an open field.
Amongst Mecca, there were two sworn enemies of Islam, Abu Jahl and Abu Sufyan and in this battle, Abu Jahl was killed, only very few of the Muslim died on the battle field. Imam Ali was hero of this battle and brought the first victory to Islam in armed encounters with its enemies.
Battle of Uhud
The second most important battle was that of Uhud. Quraish and their leader and their leader, Abu Sufyan were defeated at the battle of Badr and had sworn to retaliate. Abu Sufyan’s wife, Hinda, mother of Muawiyah, took keen interest in all arrangements and preparations. The people of Mecca lost many men at the battle. The Muslim also lost many brothers. Among them, was Hamza (the uncle of the Prophet), Zakwan and Abu Dujana lay seriously wounded.
The Muslims took heart and gathered again under the command of Imam Ali and started fighting again and victory was gained.
Battle of Khandaq – Trench
The Battle of Khandaq was the battle that obliged the Prophet (SAW) to dig a ditch around his army because many clans of Arabs were persuaded by Abu Sufyan to help him to annihilate Islam and the Muslims.
In their struggle for existence, Muslims had to face a very serious opposition from Jews. But when Ali broke through the enmity of Quraish, the Prophet was forced to banish the Jews from Medina.
This battle brought end to the hostilities of Quraish in three encounters of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq. Their best warriors were killed, their unity against Islam was crushed, their pride was humiliated and their prestige before Arab clans was lowered by him.
THE NEW ROLE OF THE PROPHET IN MADINAH
- Spiritual role
- The head of the state
- Commander in chief of Armed Forces.
- The grand Qadi (Judge)
- The chief of Imam in prayers
- The head of a family
- Relationship with non-muslims : The jews, the Mushrik and the Christians in Madinah.
- To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
- To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
- Discuss with the pupils steps taken by the Prophet (SAW) in establishing a new Ummah in Madinah;
- Explains to the pupils the significance of each step taken by the Prophet (SAW);
- Pupil’s Activities – Listen while the teacher is explaining each point to them.
- Guides the pupils to appreciate the new role of the Prophet (SAW) in Madinah and his relation with other Muslim members of his community;
- Discusses with the pupils through asking them questions;
- Pupil’s Activities – Ask questions and make contribution to the lesson.
- Writes important points for the pupils to copy on the chalkboard;
- Pupil’s Activities – Copy in their note books the points written by the teacher.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson –
- mention any three steps taken by the prophet (SAW) to establish Muslim community in Madinah.
- itemize major battles fought by the Prophet (SAW) in Madinah.
- state any four roles played by the Prophet after is migration to Madinah.