TOPIC: Needs of Growing Farm Animals
Young farm animals require special care soon after they are born. Growing farm animals also have some specific needs to grow well and be productive. The needs of farm animals include balanced food, clean water, suitable housing, adequate medication and clean environment.
By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to state the needs of young animals for healthy growth.
The pupils are required to already have learned livestock management
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:
- School farm
- Balanced ration feed
- Animal to rear.
- Samples of pests/parasites.
- Posters of sick animals.
- Chalkboard or white board
METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
- Scheme of Work
- 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
- Course Book
- All Relevant Material
- Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
ANIMALS WITH THEIR YOUNG ONES
- Chicken – chicks
- Pig – piglets
- Cow – calves
- Sheep – lambs
- Goat – kids
NEEDS OF GROWING FARM ANIMALS
Chicks require chick mash. This is a specially balanced food for chicks. The food should be put in flat feeding troughs for the chicks to pick up easily. Piglets, calves, kids and lambs should be allowed to suck milk from their mothers.
Young animals should be provided with clean water.
Veterinary doctors should be invited to check the young animals regularly for good health.
This can be provided in the following ways:
- Keep the environment clean always.
- Clean the feeding and drinking troughs regularly.
- Keep the surroundings of the building clean from weeds, and well – protected from pests.
- To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
- To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
- Discusses the needs of animals for healthy growth;
- Pupil’s Activities – Care for young animas by feeding, cleaning, providing water, beddings, etc.
- Give a board summary;
- Pupil’s Activities – Copy the board summary.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson –
Pupils to list four necessary management practices required in rearing animals.