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Needs of Growing Farm Animals

AGRICULTURE

SECOND/THIRD TERM 

WEEK 8

PRIMARY 5

THEME: 

TOPIC: Needs of Growing Farm Animals 

Young farm animals require special care soon after they are born. Growing farm animals also have some specific needs to grow well and be productive. The needs of farm animals include balanced food, clean water, suitable housing, adequate medication and clean environment.

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to state the needs of young animals for healthy growth.

ENTRY BEHAVIOR

The pupils are required to already have learned livestock management

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

  1. School farm
  2. Balanced ration feed
  3. Water.
  4. Medications.
  5. Animal to rear.
  6. Shelter.
  7. Samples of pests/parasites.
  8. Posters of sick animals.
  9. Chalkboard or white board

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  1. Scheme of Work
  2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  3. Course Book
  4. All Relevant Material
  5. Online Information

CONTENT OF THE LESSON 

ANIMALS WITH THEIR YOUNG ONES

  1. Chicken – chicks
  2. Pig – piglets
  3. Cow – calves
  4. Sheep – lambs
  5. Goat – kids

NEEDS OF GROWING FARM ANIMALS 

  • Balanced ration

Chicks require chick mash. This is a specially balanced food for chicks. The food should be put in flat feeding troughs for the chicks to pick up easily. Piglets, calves, kids and lambs should be allowed to suck milk from their mothers.

  • Clean water

Young animals should be provided with clean water.

  • Adequate medication

Veterinary doctors should be invited to check the young animals regularly for good health.

  • Clean environment

This can be provided in the following ways:

  1. Keep the environment clean always.
  2. Clean the feeding and drinking troughs regularly.
  3. Keep the surroundings of the building clean from weeds, and well – protected from pests.

PRESENTATION

  • To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
  1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
  2. Discusses the needs of animals for healthy growth;
  3. Pupil’s Activities – Care for young animas by feeding, cleaning, providing water, beddings, etc.
  4. Give a board summary;
  5. Pupil’s Activities – Copy the board summary.

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson –

LESSON EVALUATION

Pupils to list four necessary management practices required in rearing animals.

 

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