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Advantages of Modern Farming and Problems of Modern Farming

SOCIAL STUDIES

RELIGION AND NATIONAL VALUES

THIRD TERM 

WEEK 11

PRIMARY 4

THEME: AGRICULTURE 

PREVIOUS LESSON – AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY 

TOPIC – Advantages of Modern Farming and Problems of Modern Farming 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to:

  1. State advantages and disadvantages (problems) of modern farming.
  2. State problems of modern farming with their solutions.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

  1. Chart showing traditional and modern tools.
  2. Video clips of traditional and modern farmers working on their farm.

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  1. Scheme of Work
  2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  3. Course Book
  4. All Relevant Material
  5. Online Information

Related Posts 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON 

INTRODUCTION

Agricultural Technology is the used of technology (machines like tractors, planters, harvesters, etc.) for land cultivation, farming and rearing of animals.

ADVANTAGES OF MODERN FARMING 

  1. It saves time and energy.
  2. It increases and improves agriculture products – foods, fish, fruits, seeds, etc.
  3. It controls pests and diseases – animals, birds, insects, etc.
  4. It provides raw materials for the industries.
  5. It creates more job opportunities.
  6. Farming becomes fun.

DISADVANTAGES (PROBLEMS) OF MODERN FARMING 

  1. Inadequate farm input like capital (money), seeds, fertilizer, land, support, etc.
  2. Negative attitude to farming.
  3. Inadequate storage facilities.
  4. Poor soil.
  5. Pests and diseases.
  6. Illiterate and ignorance.
  7. Lack of pricing system.
  8. Lack of farm records.
  9. Natural factors – erosion.

SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEMS OF MODERN FARMING 

  1. Provision of loan facilities.
  2. Good and proper pricing system.
  3. Land should be made available to interested farmers.
  4. Educating the farmers.
  5. Encourage individual farmer.
  6. Provision of storage facilities.
  7. Provision of social amenities to encourage farming and to discourage migration.
  8. Keeping proper records of farm inputs and outputs.
  9. Proper control of pests and diseases.
  10. Proper control of erosion.

PRESENTATION

  • To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
  1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
  2. Discusses the advantages and disadvantages (problems) of modern farming;
  3. Pupil’s Activities – Discuss the advantages and disadvantages (problems) of modern farming. .
  4. Guides pupils provide solutions to the problems of modern farming.

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
  • Assignment
  1. Find out the uses of tractor, ploughing, fertilizer, pesticides and insecticide.
  2. Visit a farm near to you and find out their ways of farming
  • Next Lesson – Agencies that promote the social well being of the youth.

LESSON EVALUATION 

Pupils to: 

  1. State 2 advantages and disadvantages (problems) of modern farming.
  2. State 2 problems of modern farming with their solutions.

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