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Mechanized Agriculture

SOCIAL STUDIES

RELIGION AND NATIONAL VALUES

THIRD TERM 

WEEK 10

PRIMARY 5

THEME: AGRICULTURE 

PREVIOUS LESSON – NATURAL AND NON – NATURAL DISASTER 

TOPIC – Mechanized Agriculture 

  • Introduction
  • Meaning of Mechanized Agriculture
  • The Application of Agriculture Technology to Fishing and Farming
  • Advantages and Disadvantages (problems) of Mechanized Agriculture
  • Solution to the Problems of Mechanized Agriculture

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to:

  1. explain the concept of mechanised agriculture.
  2. identify some agricultural machines.
  3. explain the problems associated with mechanised agriculture.
  4. explain how modern agricultural technology can be applied to fishing and farming.
  5. list three advantages and three disadvantages of modern agricultural technology.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of charts showing different mechanized agriculture tools.

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  1. Scheme of Work
  2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  3. Course Book
  4. All Relevant Material
  5. Online Information

Related Posts 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON 

INTRODUCTION 

Agriculture involves cultivation of land, farming, and rearing of animals. Before mechanization of agriculture, farming activities are mainly the used of simple agricultural tools such as hoes and cutlasses on the farm. In order to increase farm products, man discovered and produced machines for use on his farm.

MEANING OF MECHANIZED AGRICULTURE 

Mechanized Agriculture is the used of machines like tractors, ploughing machines, harvesters, etc. to cultivate land, plant, harvest, irrigate, etc.

APPLICATION OF AGRICULTURE TECHNOLOGY TO FISHING AND FARMING 

The application of agricultural technology to fishing and farming, which has made fishing and farming a lot easier and lucrative, include the following:

  1. The use of insecticide and pesticides to control pest and diseases.
  2. The use of improve drug to treat farm animals.
  3. The use of irrigation machines to water the farmland.
  4. The use tractors, harvesters and shellers are machines used by farmers to aid and facilitate the process of farming.
  5. The use of trawlers (fishing boats with nets) to increase production of fish.
  6. The use of modern fish ponds in areas without rivers.

ADVANTAGES OF MECHANIZED AGRICULTURE 

  1. It saves time and energy.
  2. It results in better use of land.
  3. It increases crops production.
  4. It reduces cost of production.
  5. It improves the quality of produce.
  6. It reduces health hazards.
  7. It increases farm income.
  8. It provides job opportunities.

PROBLEMS OF MECHANIZED AGRICULTURE 

  1. Illiterate and ignorance.
  2. The machines are expensive.
  3. It is too expensive to service and maintain.
  4. Inadequate or lack of experts.
  5. Inadequate or lack of storage facilities.
  6. Deforestation
  7. It causes erosion.
  8. Land tenure.

SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEMS MECHANIZED AGRICULTURE 

  1. Educating the farmers.
  2. Provision of loan facilities.
  3. Provision of trained experts.
  4. Provision of adequate of storage facilities.
  5. Provision of more land farming.
  6. Afforestation

PRESENTATION

  • To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
  1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
  2. Discusses and explains mechanized agriculture;
  3. Pupil’s Activities – Discuss with one another mechanized agriculture.
  4. Discusses the application of agricultural technology to boost production fish and crops;
  5. Pupil’s Activities – Discuss the application of agricultural technology to boost production fish and crops.
  6. Explains the advantages and disadvantages of mechanized agriculture;
  7. Pupil’s Activities – Explains the advantages and disadvantages of mechanized Agriculture.
  8. Provides solutions to the problems of mechanised agriculture;
  9. Pupil’s Activities – State solutions to the problems of mechanised agriculture.
  10. Summary and note.

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
  • Assignment
  1. Find out the uses of tractor, ploughing, fertilizer, pesticides and insecticide.
  2. Visit a farm near to you and find out their ways of farming
  • Next Lesson – Differences between men and women

LESSON EVALUATION 

Pupils to:

  1. explain the concept of mechanised agriculture.
  2. identify some agricultural machines.
  3. explain the problems associated with mechanised agriculture.
  4. explain how modern agricultural technology can be applied to fishing and farming.
  5. list three advantages and three disadvantages of modern agricultural technology.

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