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Natural Disaster and Non – Natural Disaster

SOCIAL STUDIES

RELIGION AND NATIONAL VALUES

THIRD TERM 

WEEK 8

PRIMARY 5 

THEME: NATURAL DISASTERS 

PREVIOUS LESSON – AIR POLLUTION – SOURCES AND CAUSES OF AIR POLLUTION

TOPIC – Natural and Non – Natural Disasters 

  • Meaning of Natural and Non – Natural Disasters
  • Causes of Natural Disasters
  • Effects of Natural Disasters and Non – Natural Disasters on Life and Prosperity
  • Control of Natural Disasters and Non – Natural Disasters

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

  1. give the meaning of natural disasters.
  2. show the differences between natural and man-made disasters.
  3. mention three types of natural disasters.
  4. list the causes of these natural disasters.
  5. list four things that happen when natural disasters occur.
  6. mention four things we can do to stop or control natural disasters.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of charts of showing natural and non – natural disasters.

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  1. Scheme of Work
  2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  3. Course Book
  4. All Relevant Material
  5. Online Information

Related Posts 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON 

INTRODUCTION 

Disasters are sad events that happen to man. They are caused by nature or man and animals (non – natural disasters).

MEANING OF NATURAL AND NON – NATURAL DISASTERS 

  • Natural disasters are disasters caused by nature such as flood, storm, etc.
  • Non – Disasters are disasters caused by action of man and animals. These disasters are man mistakes and carelessness which are not intentional.

CAUSES OF NATURAL DISASTERS 

  1. Flood – Overflowing of water
  2. Heavy rainfall
  3. Heavy rainstorm
  4. Strong wind
  5. Drought – no rain
  6. Block drainage
  7. Climatic change
  8. Global warming
  9. Earthquake
  10. Volcanic

CAUSES OF NON – NATURAL DISASTERS 

  1. Fire disasters
  2. Collapse building
  3. Road and water accidents
  4. Plane accidents
  5. Rail derailment
  6. Mining activities
  7. Deforestation

EFFECTS OF NATURAL AND NON – NATURAL DISASTERS ON LIFE AND PROSPERITY 

  1. It destroyed farmland.
  2. It destroyed houses.
  3. Loss of life and prosperity.
  4. It destroyed crops and animals.
  5. It blocked communication and transportation.
  6. It resulted in economic loss.

CONTROL OF NATURAL AND NON – NATURAL DISASTERS 

  1. Avoid bush burning
  2. Afforestation
  3. Avoid dumping of refuse inside the river.
  4. Drive carefully
  5. Switch off all electric appliances.
  6. Ships and air planes should inspect, properly and regularly service.
  7. Cooking appliances should in good condition.
  8. Keep away children from all appliances.
  9. Call emergency number for rescue teams any form of disasters.

PRESENTATION

  • To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
  1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
  2. Explain the meaning of natural and non – natural disasters;
  3. Pupil’s Activities – Differentiate between natural and non – disasters.
  4. Discusses the causes of natural and non – natural disasters;
  5. Pupil’s Activities – State the causes of natural and non – natural disasters.
  6. Explain the effects of natural and non – natural disasters;
  7. Pupil’s Activities – State the effects of natural and non – natural disasters.
  8. Discusses how natural and non – natural disasters can be controlled;
  9. Pupil’s Activities – State how natural and non – natural disasters can be controlled.
  10. Note.

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
  • Assignment – Find out the causes of natural and non – natural in your locality.
  • Next Lesson – Mechanized Agriculture

LESSON EVALUATION 

Pupils to:

  1. give the meaning of natural disasters.
  2. show the differences between natural and man-made disasters.
  3. mention three types of natural disasters.
  4. list the causes of these natural disasters.
  5. list four things that happen when natural disasters occur.
  6. mention four things we can do to stop or control natural disasters.

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