Process Involved in Making Composts

 

 

AGRICULTURE

PREVOCATIONAL STUDIES

FIRST TERM

WEEK 9

PRIMARY 4

THEME – AGRICULTURE

PREVIOUS LESSON – PREPARATION OF COMPOST AND MANURE

TOPIC – PROCESS OF MAKING COMPOST (PIT METHOD)
PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. state process involved in making composts

2. make composts.

 

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Organic materials

2. Manure

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

INTRODUCTION

MEANING OF COMPOST AND MANURE

Compost and manure are used as a fertilizer for growing plants. The different between compost and manure is the content. There are two methods of making composts and manure. Pit and heap methods.

The following are materials needed for making composts and manure –

1. Dried plants such as leaves, grasses, flowers, decayed fruits or seeds, weeds, etc.

2. Sewage

3. Farmyard waste

4. Sand dust (little)

5. Soil

6. Water

 

PROCESS INVOLVED IN MAKING COMPOST

PIT METHOD

1. Dig a dip pit

2. Spread dried plants such as leaves, grasses, flowers, decayed fruits or seeds, weeds, etc.

3. Add some ashes and animal dungs among dried plants.

4. Add water and cover with soil.

5. Leave for a or two month.

6. After a month or more, the dried plants would have decomposed into a black powdery manure.

7. Ready to apply to the farmland.

 

HEAP METHOD

Heap method is done by burying compost materials in the soil to decay and moistened with water.

 

 

PRESENTATION

• To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. State the process involved in making composts and manure.

3. Pupil’s Activities – Mention materials and the process involved in making compost.

4. Guides pupils in making composts.

5. Pupil’s Activities – Making composts.

 

CONCLUSION

• To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

• Next Lesson – why farm produce should be processed.

 

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Pupils to:

PUPIL’S ACTIVITIES

 

Make a compost with pit or heap methods.

 

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