TOPIC: MEANING OF AGRICULTURE
By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and be able to define agriculture.
Growing of crops
The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of sample and chart of agricultural products.
METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.
Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.
- Scheme of Work
- 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
- Course Book
- All Relevant Material
- Online Information
CONTENT OF THE LESSON
Agriculture can be define as the growing of crops, rearing of animals, processing and selling of agricultural products for the benefit of man (for man’s use).
COMPONENTS OF AGRICULTURE
There are four components of agriculture as stated in its meaning. These are
- Growing or planting of crops. For examples – planting of rice, bean, yam, cocoa, banana, etc.
- Rearing of animals. For examples – goat, sheep, horse, camel, etc.
- Processing of agricultural products.
- Selling of agricultural products.
GROWING/PLANTING OF CROPS
There are two types of crops – food and cash crop.
Food crops consist of grain, legumes, vegetables, fruits and seeds. They are produced for immediate consumption.
Grain crops are maize, guinea corn, millets, etc.
Legume crops are soybean, pea, peanut, cowpea, etc.
Vegetable crops are tomato, cabbage, okro, pepper, onion, carrot, etc.
Fruit crops are orange, mango, pawpaw, apple, pineapple, banana, etc.
Cash crops are economic crops. These crops may require further processing before consumption. Cocoa, sugarcane, cashew, groundnut, etc. They are grown for commercial purposes.
REARING OF ANIMALS
There are two types of animals – domestic and wild animals. Some of these animals live in water while others live on land. Animals are rear for personal, labor and commercial purposes.
Domestic animals are animals rear at home or on farm land. For examples – sheep, goat, chicken, birds, fish, horse, etc.
Wild animals are animals in the wild such lion, tiger, elephant, shark, crocodile, alligator, etc.
PROCESSING OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS
Some agricultural products are not in their finish state. They require further processing into final or consumable goods or products. Agricultural products can also be package, brand or rebranding. For examples – fish and sardine, meat and corned beef, cocoa and bourvita or milo, groundnut and ground oil, cotton and cloth, animal skin and shoe, belt or bag, wheat and bread, etc.
SELLING OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS
This is also known as agriculture marketing. It involves buying and selling agricultural products.
- To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
- To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
- Presents or display agricultural products.
- Identify different agricultural products.
- Engages the pupils to discuss how crops and animals are produced.
- Asks pupils the content and used for the production of sardines, bournvita, milo, etc.
- Guides the pupils to discuss different parts of agriculture.
- Pupil’s Activities – Pupils discuss different parts of agriculture.
- Give a board summary;
- Pupil’s Activities – Copy board summary.
- To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
Pupils to –
WORK BOOKS (ASSESSMENT)
Attempt all the questions.
1. There are ______ components of agriculture.
Mention 2 types of crops.
___________4___________ and ___________5___________ are types of agriculture.
6. What is processing of agricultural products?
7. ______________________ involves buying and selling agricultural products.
8. What is the different between cash and food crops?
9. Differentiate between domestic and wild animals?
10. What is agriculture?