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Change Caused by Human Activities – Pollution (Primary 5)

 

 

BASIC SCIENCE

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

SMASE – ASEI PDSI METHOD

FIRST TERM

WEEK 1

PRIMARY 5

THEME – ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES 

PREVIOUS LESSON – THIRD TERM EXAMINATION

TOPIC – MEANING, TYPES, EFFECTS AND PREVENTION OF POLLUTION 

 

LEARNING AREA 

  • Lesson One – Meaning and Types of Pollution
  • Lesson Two – Effects of Pollution
  • Lesson Three – Prevention of Pollution
  • Short Note
  • Weekly Assessment

 

TIME – 40 Minutes each.

 

LEARNING OUTCOME 

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. Explain the meaning of pollution.
  2. List the different types of pollution.
  3. State some effects of pollution on water, air and land.
  4. Mention ways of controlling air, land and water pollution.

 

 

 

 

RATIONALE

Pollution is anything that makes our water, land, air and environment dirty and unsafe to use. For example, a heap of rubbish is a type of pollution. A dead animal lying on the road causes pollution. This leads to the contamination of the air, water, or soil (land).

Pollution can occur naturally, for example through volcanic eruptions, or as the result of human activities, such as the spilling of oil or disposal of household, defecating in the rivers and streams, dumping refuse into the rivers/streams, bush burning, using petrol/diesel engines and industrial waste.

In this lesson, the pupils will the concept of pollution and how to keep our environment safe from any forms of pollution.

 

LEARNING MATERIALS 

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of Pieces of paper, matches, clean bottle of water and dirt from outside.

 

PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE

Pollution is anything that makes our water, land, air and environment dirty and unsafe to use. The pupils are aware of unsafe environment as unhygienic environment for human, animals and plants. Such environments are harmful or poisonous to man and animals and totally useless for farming.

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  1. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  2. Lagos State Scheme of work
  3. Basic Science and Technology
  4. All Relevant Materials
  5. Online Materials

 

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LESSON PLAN/DEVELOPMENT

 

ASEI PDSI LESSON NOTES 

 

LESSON DEVELOPMENT 1 – Meaning and Types of Pollution docx

LESSON DEVELOPMENT 2 – Effects of Pollution docx

 

LESSON DEVELOPMENT 3 – Prevention of Pollution docx

 

LESSON DEVELOPMENT 4 – REVISION ON POLLUTION

 

INTRODUCTION

MEANING OF POLLUTION 

Pollution is anything that makes our water, land, air and environment dirty and unsafe to use. For example, a heap of rubbish is a type of pollution. A dead animal lying on the road causes pollution. This leads to the contamination of the air, water, or soil (land).

 

TYPES OF POLLUTION 

There are three types of pollution. They are air, water and land pollution.

 

 

 

 

EFFECTS OF POLLUTION 

  1. Smoke makes us cough.
  2. It has bad effect on the weather Inhaling (breathing in) poisonous gas can cause death.
  3. Chemical waste is harmful to humans and fish. This has made a lot of fishermen jobless. You can’t use it for swimming.
  4. Flies visit faeces left in the bush.
  5. Old vehicles, refrigerators may injure child if abandoned in play areas.
  6. Refuse dumped at road sides can cause accidents.

 

PREVENTION OF POLLUTION 

Some ways through which we can control pollution include –

  1. Cars, lorries and motorcycles should be properly maintained to avoid fumes.
  2. Avoiding smoking in the public area or smoking in designated places.
  3. Avoiding pouring chemicals in the river as method of catching fish.
  4. Using refuse bins instead of throwing waste around.
  5. Using toilets instead of defecating anywhere.
  6. Dumping refuse into designated dump sites.

 

 

 

 

LESSON DEVELOPMENT 4 – WORK BOOK (WEEKLY ASSESSMENT)

 

1. ______________________ is the release of harmful substances in our environment.

 

A. Air Pollution

B. Water Pollution

C. Land Pollution

D. All of the above

 

2. There are ________ types of pollution.

 

A. 2

B. 3

C. 4

D. 5

 

3. ______________________ is a pollution.

 

A. Air Pollution

B. Water Pollution

C. Land Pollution

D. All of the above

 

4. Pollution makes our environment to be ______________________.

 

A. Hygienic

B. Unhygienic

C. Safe

D. Peaceful

 

5. ______________________ makes the land useless for planting.

 

A. Air Pollution

B. Water Pollution

C. Land Pollution

D. All of the above

 

7. Inhaling ______________________ is poisonous to humans and animals.

 

A. Polluted air

B. Polluted breeze

C. Polluted wind

D. All of the above

 

8. To avoid ______________________, cars, lorries and motorcycles should be properly maintained.

 

A. Air Pollution

B. Water Pollution

C. Land Pollution

D. All of the above

 

9. To avoid ______________________, using refuse bins instead of throwing waste around.

 

A. Air Pollution

B. Water Pollution

C. Land Pollution

D. All of the above

 

10. ______________________ is very harmful to humans and fish.

 

A. Air Pollution

B. Water Pollution

C. Land Pollution

D. All of the above

 

 

 

 

11. What is Pollution?

 

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

 

Mention 3 types of pollution.

 

12. ____________________________________________

 

13. ____________________________________________

 

14. ____________________________________________

 

State 3 effects of pollution.

 

15. ____________________________________________

 

16. ____________________________________________

 

17. ____________________________________________

 

List 3 ways to prevent pollution.

 

18. ____________________________________________

 

19. ____________________________________________

 

20. ____________________________________________

 

 

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