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Meaning of Food Nutrients (Primary 4)

 

 

 

HOME ECONOMICS

PREVOCATIONAL STUDIES

FIRST TERM 

WEEK 10

PRIMARY 4

THEME – FOOD AND NUTRITION

PREVIOUS LESSON – MEANING AND KINDS OF FOOD 

TOPIC – MEANING OF FOOD NUTRIENTS 

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

  1. explain the meaning of food nutrients.
  2. mention classes of food nutrients.

 

 

 

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

  1. Charts on food groups.
  2. Real food items.
  3. Charts on food nutrients, sources and functions.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  1. Scheme of Work
  2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  3. Course Book
  4. All Relevant Material
  5. Online Information

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CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

 

INTRODUCTION 

Foods are solid or liquid substances that gives essential nutrients to the body.

 

MEANING OF FOOD NUTRIENTS 

Food nutrients are the essential substances present in the food that help the body to function well.

 

CLASSES OF FOOD NUTRIENTS 

There are six (6) classes of food nutrients –

 

Carbohydrates 

Source of carbohydrate – rice, yam, bread, etc.

Vitamins 

Source of vitamins – fruits like oranges, pawpaw, vegetables, etc.

Fat and oils 

Source of fat and oils – palm oil, groundnut oil, vegetables oil, oily fish, butter, etc

Minerals salt 

Source of minerals salt – Iodised salt, liver, eggs, etc.

Water

Source of water – drinking water, fruits juice and other drinks

 

 

 

 

PRESENTATION

  • To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
  1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
  2. Defines food nutrients.
  3. Pupil’s Activities – Define food nutrients.
  4. Discusses the type of food nutrients and their sources with the pupils.
  5. Pupil’s Activities – Participate in discussing the type of food nutrients and their sources with one another.
  6. Provides real food items and chart of the classes of food based on their nutrients.
  7. Pupil’s Activities – Observe the chart on display.
  8. Displays charts and discusses deficiency diseases of nutrients.
  9. Pupil’s Activities – Classify the real food items on display.
  10. Gives a board summary.
  11. Pupil’s Activities – Copy the board summary.

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.
  • Next Lesson – Functions of Food Nutrients

 

 

 

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Pupils to attempt all the questions on the 

 

WORK BOOK (WEEKLY ASSESSMENT) 

 

1. _____________________ are the essential substances present in the food that help the body to function well.

A. Rice and beans

B. Minerals and vitamins

C. Food nutrients

 

List 6 classes of food and one source each.

2. __________________________________________

3. __________________________________________

4. __________________________________________

5. __________________________________________

6. __________________________________________

7. __________________________________________

 

 

 

 

 

 

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