Ratio (Primary 5)

 

 

MATHEMATICS 

SMASE – ASEI PDSI METHOD

FIRST TERM

WEEK 5

PRIMARY 5

TOPIC – RATIO 

 

LEARNING AREA 

  • Lesson One – Introduction to Ratio

 

  • Lesson Two – Simplifying a ratio in its lowest form

 

  • Lesson Three – Word problems on Ratio 

 

  • Revision and Test 

 

TIME – 40 Minutes each.

 

LEARNING OUTCOME 

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. recognise the idea of ratio.
  2. solve problems on ratio.
  3. apply ratio to everyday life.
  4. solve quantitative reasoning problem involving ratio.

 

 

 

RATIONALE

Ratio is  used to compare two or more things together. That’s how much of one thing there is compared to another. Everyone wants the best values and quality, they want to maximize their available resources with unavailable resources or minimise cost for profit maximisation.

The concept of ratio will enable the pupils to understand, appreciate and apply ratio to everyday life.

 

LEARNING MATERIALS 

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of –

  1. Population chart – total number of boys and girls in the classroom.
  2. flashcards or related charts

 

PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE

Sharing or comparing things or values are part of everyday life. Everybody wants the best, and the children are not exceptional in this regard.

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  1. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  2. Lagos State Scheme of work
  3. New Method Mathematics Book
  4. All Relevant Materials
  5. Online Materials

 

 

LESSON PLAN/DEVELOPMENT

ASEI PDSI LESSON NOTES 

 

LESSON DEVELOPMENT 1 – Introduction to Ratio docx

LESSON DEVELOPMENT 2 – Applications of Ratio Primary 5 docx

 

LESSON DEVELOPMENT 3 – Applications of Ratio Primary 5 docx

 

LESSON DEVELOPMENT 4 – REVISION AND TEST/QUANTITATIVE REASONING

 

WORK BOOK

 

Share a bag of 200 onions among some groups of women in these ratios.

1. 8 : 12

2. 15 : 5

3. 12 : 8

4. 2 : 8

 

In a small town there live 26 men, 44 women, 14 boys and 16 girls. In this town. Write down the value of these ratios.

5. men : people

6. women : people

7. people : boys

8. people : girls

 

Find the values of the letters in these ratios.

9. 2 : 5 = 18 : a

10. 4 : 5 = b : 30

 

 

 

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