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Ratio and Proportion (Primary 6)

 

 

MATHEMATICS 

SMASE – ASEI PDSI METHOD

FIRST TERM

WEEK 6

PRIMARY 6

TOPIC – RATIO AND PROPORTION, RATIO OF FAMILY SIZE AND RESOURCES, RATIO OF TWO POPULATION, RATIO OF PREVALENCE Of HIV/AIDS BETWEEN TWO SEXES AND TWO STATES 

 

LEARNING AREA 

  • Lesson One – Introduction to Ratio in Its Lowest Form 
  • Lesson Two – Applications of Ratio 
  • Lesson Three – Ratio of Family Size and Resources, Ratio of two Population, Ratio of Prevalence of HIV/AIDS between Two Sexes or States 
  • Lesson Four – Proportion – Direct and Indirect (Inverse)
  • Revision and Test 

 

TIME – 40 Minutes each.

 

LEARNING OUTCOME 

By the end of the lesson, pupils should be able to:

  1. identify the meaning of ratio and simplify ratio in its lowest term.
  2. apply ratio to real – life situations.
  3. find the ratio of family size to their resources.
  4. express two populations in ratio find the ratio of HIV/AIDS prevalence between sexes and states.

 

 

RATIONALE

Ratio is  used to compare two or more things together. That’s, how much of one thing there is compared to another. Everyone wants the best values and quality, they want to maximize their available resources with unavailable resources or minimise cost for profit maximisation.

The concept of ratio will enable the pupils to understand, appreciate and apply ratio to everyday life.

 

LEARNING MATERIALS 

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of –

  1. Population chart – total number of boys and girls in the classroom.
  2. flashcards or related charts.
  3. Data chart of HIV/AIDS prevalence.
  4. Data chart on HIV/AIDS.
  5. Charts with population figures.
  6. A poster depicting two families, one smaller and happy and the other larger and unhappy.
  7. Chart with population figures.

 

PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE

Sharing or comparing things or values are part of everyday life. Everybody wants the best, and the children are not exceptional in this regard.

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  1. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  2. Lagos State Scheme of work
  3. New Method Mathematics Book
  4. All Relevant Materials
  5. Online Materials

 

 

LESSON PLAN/DEVELOPMENT

ASEI PDSI LESSON NOTES 

 

LESSON DEVELOPMENT 1 – Introduction to Ratio in Its Lowest Form docx

LESSON DEVELOPMENT 2 – Application of Ratio Primary 6 docx

 

LESSON DEVELOPMENT 3 – Ratio of Family Size and Resources, Ratio of two Population, Ratio of Prevalence of HIV AIDS between Two Sexes or States docx

 

LESSON DEVELOPMENT 4 – Coming soon…

 

LESSON DEVELOPMENT 5 – REVISION AND TEST/QUANTITATIVE REASONING

 

WORK BOOK

 

Share a bag of 200 onions among some groups of women in these ratios.

1. 8 : 12

2. 15 : 5

3. 12 : 8

4. 2 : 8

 

In a small town there live 26 men, 44 women, 14 boys and 16 girls. In this town. Write down the value of these ratios.

5. men : people

6. women : people

7. people : boys

8. people : girls

 

Find the values of the letters in these ratios.

9. 2 : 5 = 18 : a

10. 4 : 5 = b : 30

 

 

 

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