Soil Constituents (Primary 4)

 

BASIC SCIENCE

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

SECOND TERM 

WEEK 2

PRIMARY 4

THEME – LIVING AND NON LIVING THINGS 

 PREVIOUS LESSON – FIRST TERM REVISION 

TOPIC – SOIL CONSTITUENTS 

LEARNING AREA

1. Meaning of Soil Constituents

2. Identification of Soil Constituents

3. Demonstrating the existence of Soil Constituents

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

  1. identify and name some soil constituents.
  2. demonstrate the existence of soil constituents.

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

The uses of soil.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

  1. Samples of soil
  2. Hand towel
  3. Sheets of paper
  4. Beaker
  5. Pencils
  6. Books

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  1. Scheme of Work
  2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  3. Course Book
  4. All Relevant Material
  5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

PUPIL’S ACTIVITIES 1 – COLLECT AND BRING SOIL SAMPLES FROM THE SCHOOL GARDEN 

https://wp.me/p9TZUb-4ha

 

 

PUPIL’S ACTIVITIES 2 – IDENTIFY THE CONSTITUENTS OF THE SOIL 

  1. Water
  2. Leaf litters
  3. Rocks
  4. Humus
  5. Dead animals
  6. Living animals
  7. Air
  8. Soil particles – sand, loam and clay.

 

TEACHER’S/PUPILS’S ACTIVITIES 3 – DEMONSTRATING THE EXISTENCE OF SOIL CONSTITUENTS 

Materials needed for demonstrating the existence of soil constituents are

  1. Filter
  2. Water
  3. Heat

 

TEACHER’S/PUPILS’S ACTIVITIES 4 – MEANING OF SOIL CONSTITUENTS

Soil constituents are the living and non – living things inside the soil.

 

 

PRESENTATION

  • To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:
  1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;
  2. Take pupils on field to collect soil samples.
  3. Pupil’s Activities – Collect soil from different places and identify the constituents of the soil samples.
  4. Asks pupils to collect soil samples from the school garden and guides them to handpick visible soil constituents.
  5. Pupil’s Activities – Bring samples of garden soil to class and hand pick visible soil constituents like leaf litters, small, rocks, dead and living organisms, etc.

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Pupils to give two (2) examples of soil constituents.

 

 

 

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