Mineral Resources in Nigeria (Primary 6)

 

BASIC SCIENCE

BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

SECOND TERM 

WEEK 6

PRIMARY 6

THEME – COMPONENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT 

 PREVIOUS LESSON – 

TOPIC – MINERAL RESOURCES 

LEARNING AREA

  1. Meaning of Mineral Resources
  2. Types and Sources of Minerals resources
  3. Importance of Mineral Resources
  4. Consequences of Over Exploitation of mineral resources on environment

 

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

  1. name some of the mineral resources found in Nigeria and their sources.
  2. state the importance of mineral resources to Nigeria.

 

 

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

  1. Samples of minerals or ores (or pictures) e.g. tin – ore, crude oil, alum, marble.
  2. Kerosene, Grease, Engine Oil, Polythene bags, Clothing materials, Vaseline, etc.

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons. 

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  1. Scheme of Work
  2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum
  3. Course Book
  4. All Relevant Material
  5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON  

 

LESSON ONE – INTRODUCTION

 

PUPIL’S ACTIVITIES 1 – IDENTIFY THE FOLLOWING ITEM AND STATE THE MATERIALS EACH OF THEM MADE FROM 

 

 

 

Teacher’s remark – The materials each of the products are made from are called mineral resources.

Classroom Note – Mineral resources are natural resources used to produce many things like hoe, cutlass, plate, spoon, bicycle, car, jewelry, etc. Mineral resources are got from lands including valleys, mountains and hills. Also, crude oil and natural gas are found mostly in riverine areas. 

 

LESSON TWO 

 

TEACHER’S/PUPIL’S ACTIVITIES 2 – TYPES AND LOCATION OF MINERAL RESOURCES IN NIGERIA 

 

SOLID MINERALS 

 

1. Gold is found in Sokoto and Osun State.

2. Iron ore is found Kogi State

3. Tin and Columbite are found in Jos in Plateau State

4. Red clay is found in most of the States.

5. Copper is found in Nasarawa, Plateau, Zamfara, Bauchi, Gombe State, Abia and Kano State

6. Coal is found Enugu.

7. Limestone is found in Cross River, Ebonyi, Abia, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Edo, Enugu, Imo, Ogun, Ondo and Sokoto.

 

 

LIQUID MINERALS

 

Crude oil is the mineral in liquid form. It is mainly found in Akwa Ibom, Delta, Rivers, Bayelsa, Ondo, Edo, Imo and Abia.

 

NATURAL GAS 

 

Natural gas is usually found around crude oil. Often natural gas is found before crude oil.

 

PUPIL’S ACTIVITIES 3 – INDICATE THE MINERAL RESOURCES FOUND IN ANY OF STATES ON THE MAP 

 

LESSON THREE

 

TEACHER’S/PUPIL’S ACTIVITIES 4 – PRODUCTS (USES) AND THEIR MINERAL RESOURCES 

 

1. Petrol and Kerosene 

Mineral resources – Crude oil

Diesel oil, lubricating oil, wax, etc. are products make from crude oil.

2. Jewelry

Mineral resources – Copper, Gold, Silver and Diamond

Electric cables, tools and ornaments are products made from copper, gold, silver and diamond.

3. Tin containers 

Mineral resource – Tin

4. Bricks and Pottery

Mineral resource – Red clay

5. Electric cable 

Mineral resources – Aluminium and Copper

Cooking utensils and aircraft are product made from aluminum.

6. Steel used in building houses and cars

Mineral resource – Iron ore

7. Pipes and pencils 

Mineral resource – Lead

8. Matches

Mineral resource – Sulphur

Gun powder and ointments are products made from sulphur.

9. Cooking and Smelting 

Mineral resources – Natural gas and Coal

 

TEACHER’S/PUPIL’S ACTIVITIES 5 – CONSEQUENCES OF OVER EXPORTATION OF MINERAL RESOURCES 

 

Most our mineral resources are found in soil, valleys, mountains and hills. Some are found in the riverine areas. Places where these resources are got from never remain in good condition.

The primary vegetations are distributed or destroyed resulting to land pollution.

Oil splash or spills in the water disturbed or destroyed the animals in the water.

The natural gas diffused in the air caused air pollution.

People are displaced or killed due to over exploitation which made the land water and air unsafe for humans.

 

Note to the teachers, this lesson maybe takes more than three (3) periods as indicated on the time table. 

 

 

PRESENTATION

  • To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. Collects samples of minerals e.g. tin ore, coal, iron ore, crude oil etc for class activities. (Can use pictures where samples are not available).

Pupil’s Activities – Observe the minerals provided and describe their characteristics (colour, shine, smell, hardness, etc).

3. Leads pupils to identify minerals.

Pupil’s Activities – Examine crude, petroleum and compare it with products such as kerosene, engine oil, Vaseline, grease, wax, polythene bags, clothing materials, etc.

4. Uses charts and relevant pictures to explain the sources of the minerals.

Pupil’s Activities – State the source of minerals.

5. Guides class discussion on the uses and importance of mineral.

Pupil’s Activities – State some importance of mineral resources to Nigeria.

7. Arranges for a guest talk on the exploitation, development and use of mineral resources.

Pupil’s Activities – Listen to the guest speaker.

EXCURSION (VISITATION), IF POSSIBLE

Pay a visit to one or two place(s) or people to find out how different products are made or sold.

1. Play station

2. Goldsmith

3. Blacksmith

4. Extraction industry

5. Museum

7. Pottery

8. Market

 

CONCLUSION

  • To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

 

LESSON EVALUATION 

Pupils to:

  1. give three examples of mineral resources in Nigeria and their sources.
  2. group minerals into solid and liquid.
  3. state three importance of mineral resources to Nigeria.
  4. mention 3 states where crude oil can be found in Nigeria.
  5. write 3 mineral resources with their uses.
  6. On the map of Nigeria, indicate 5 mineral resources and the places here they are found.

 

 

 

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