Steps in Compost Making – Practical (Primary 4)

 

AGRICULTURE

PREVOCATIONAL STUDIES

SECOND TERM

WEEK 10

PRIMARY 4

THEME – AGRICULTURE

PREVIOUS LESSON – Materials Required for Compost Making (Primary 4)

TOPIC – STEPS IN MAKING COMPOST (PIT METHOD)

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 

By the end of the lesson, the pupils should have attained the following objectives (cognitive, affective and psychomotor) and should be able to –

1. state process involved in making composts

2. make composts.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

The teacher will teach the lesson with the aid of:

1. Organic materials

2. Manure

 

 

METHOD OF TEACHING – Choose a suitable and appropriate methods for the lessons.

Note – Irrespective of choosing methods of teaching, always introduce an activities that will arouse pupil’s interest or lead them to the lessons.

 

REFERENCE MATERIALS

1. Scheme of Work

2. 9 – Years Basic Education Curriculum

3. Course Book

4. All Relevant Material

5. Online Information

 

CONTENT OF THE LESSON

PREVIOUS LESSON 

Compost and manure are used as a fertilizer for growing plants. The different between compost and manure is the content. There are two methods of making composts and manure. Pit and heap methods.

The following are materials needed for making composts and manure –

1. Dried plants such as leaves, grasses, flowers, decayed fruits or seeds, weeds, etc.

2. Sewage

3. Farmyard waste

4. Sand dust (little)

5. Soil

6. Water

 

STEPS IN MAKING COMPOST

 

PIT METHOD

1. Dig a dip pit

2. Spread dried plants such as leaves, grasses, flowers, decayed fruits or seeds, weeds, etc.

3. Add some ashes and animal dungs among dried plants.

4. Add water and cover with soil.

5. Leave for a or two month.

6. After a month or more, the dried plants would have decomposed into a black powdery manure.

7. Ready to apply to the farmland.

 

HEAP METHOD

Heap method is done by burying compost materials in the soil to decay and moistened with water.

 

 

PRESENTATION

• To deliver the lesson, the teacher adopts the following steps:

1. To introduce the lesson, the teacher revises the previous lesson. Based on this, he/she asks the pupils some questions;

2. State the steps in making compost.

Pupil’s Activities – Mention materials and the process involved in making compost.

3. Guides pupils in making compost.

Pupil’s Activities – Making compost.

 

CONCLUSION

• To conclude the lesson for the week, the teacher revises the entire lesson and links it to the following week’s lesson.

• Next Lesson –

 

 

LESSON EVALUATION

Pupils to make a compost with pit or heap methods.

 

error: